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Search Engine Optimization Guide – SEO Basics December 1, 2008

Posted by kishosingh in seo.
Tags: ,

Before proceeding about search engine optimization I think we should know about search engines and optimization. I think nowadays, every one knows about search engines. It is a web page to search specific information on the Internet by keywords or search term.

Basically, Search engine optimization not include with optimization of search engines, it includes the optimization of web pages or web sites.

In the search engine optimization guide nothing is secret. I want to let you about the process of optimization. Optimization includes with websites for the higher ranking in search engines. It is the process of improving traffic for web pages by targeted keywords in organic searches by modifying that pages and proper optimization.

Normally, we start from theory of optimization but I want to proceed from practices. For example – if we have a web site then what we think to do over that? What should be the stricture of the web site? What should be navigation of the web site? Etc.

From my point of view, I start from market and keyword research on the topic of web site. 1st thing in the optimization include research that should be related to market, product age, geography and keywords in terms of competition. After the research of keywords and market we should proceed with web page optimization by those keywords which are chosen by us by research for the targeted people by the targeted keywords.

Title tag is most important part of web site optimization. It appears on title bar. Title tag should be created with the list of keywords which you want to target for search. It should be short but descriptive and meaningful because it comes in search engines when a user performs that keyword which has been targeted by you for your web page.

Another thing with the title tag is specification. What is on your web page, tell the user by the title. It means you should be specific with web page. You should consider about the content which is on your web page and according to that content you should create title. Don’t use so many auxiliary verbs in title tag. For example – is, are, on, in etc.

After the title tag making you should proceed with description. Description of a website also most important part because it is placed in the searches by search engines with the title. The targeted keywords should appear in the Meta tag description. In my point of view, description is most benefited if the site has less content on the web page. Basically, it is important for e-commerce sites. Description improves the density of content also.

Keywords also could be included in the web page and it shows the web page search term. In my point of view, it has less important, so you can leave it.

After this we come to the web page structure. Web page structure should be like a book. All the navigation should be in hierarchy way where user could reach very easily. Here we can discuss about URL structure and page structure. At 1st we look into URL structure.

URL structure can be dynamic or static but some people rewrite dynamic URL to make that static. URL rewriting take some risk if that get any problem, will be treat as another page by search engines. Nowadays, Google read every URL but from the user point of view URL has also major role in traffic deriving. For example:

If you have a page of Sony Ericsson K790i and URL is: mysite.com/12345/=?158 then it will be considered as dynamic page and user will not attract like this page: mysite.com/mobile-phones/sony-ericsson-k790i. I think the example is enough to learn about URL structure.

Now, we should come on page structure. In my point of view page structure is page navigation. Page navigation tells users to know about your site content and pages. It should be in text with hyper link. It should be in proper navigation. If possible use breadcrumb navigation.

Now, go to the content. Content of your site should be unique and fresh. It means your site pages should offer something new for the users which is not on the web.

You must add heading in your site to navigate search engines hierarchy of site. H1 should be in top and should use at once. H2, H3…H6 should be use in proper way like a dictionary or book.

Image should also optimize. If you use an image in your site, it will attract the visitors but along with as an SEO you should care about alt tag of image that will tell the search engines about the image as well as users also in condition of unable to browse that.

In the SEO field we always discuss about Dofollow and Nofollow. Dofollow links allow the search engines follow and index. Dofollow links get the reputation and value of your PR while nofollow links don’t included by search engines and they don’t get your site reputation. Nofollow links always behave as a negative link. For example: If you are writing about a Spam link or site then you can use nofollow for that.

In the search engine optimization robots.txt file has also its major importance. It allows or disallows files to index or noindex by search engines. Basically, it is use for disallow the pages by search engines if your site give different pages for users with same content or product.

Many people think it is very hard subject in search engine optimization and they talk its in two ways – static and dynamic. Yes, it is true but I don’t think it is so hard subject. If you have a dynamic site and you want to block the pages then you simply can disallow that pages or folders which come after your index page. Like this, static page also can be disallowed by robots.txt file.

Lastly, we make an XML and HTML site map for the search engines and users. HTML sitemap tells the users to access easily all the pages of your site by sitemap. XML sitemap creation and submission in webmaster tools tell the Google about your all pages of site to cache them which are unable to reach to crawler. Major search engines Yahoo, Google and MSN offer webmaster tools to submit your sitemap.

It is the basic optimization process. In this process we can include to find out site errors also which is mostly known as 404 errors. If your site has multiple URL with same content you can redirect them also by 301.